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These specifications incorporate the selective use of the imperative mood. In general, specifications in the imperative mood will imply a direct responsibility upon the subject “the Contractor” to perform an action. Depending on the context of the specification, the subject may also be the supplier, fabricator, or manufacturer. For example, the imperative sentence “Notify the Bureau of Mines when coal is encountered” implies, “The Contractor shall notify the Bureau of Mines.”
For specifications that are not in the imperative mood, the word “shall” refers to obligatory requirements or actions of the Contractor, supplier, fabricator, or manufacturer as applicable; “will” refers to actions of the Administration.
All work pertaining to these Specifications shall be completed as specified in the Contract Documents or as directed by the Engineer. When used in these Specifications, the term “specified” refers to requirements stated herein or included elsewhere in the Contract Documents. Refer to GP-4.01.
Terms such as directed, accepted, acceptable, approved, approval, authorized, determined, permitted, and satisfactory are implicitly followed by the words “by the Engineer”, “to the Engineer”, or “of the Engineer.”
The word “submit” or “submittal” implies that the Contractor shall provide the applicable submittal in writing to the Engineer for approval. If otherwise, the Contract Documents will specify where to make the submittal. No applicable work may proceed without written approval. These requirements apply to all submittals, whether for details, methods, schedules, or materials. Refer to TC-4.01 and Section 499.
The word “ensure” obligates the Contractor to fulfill a specific requirement or complete an indicated action in conformity with the Contract Documents.
The phrase “remove and dispose” obligates the Contractor to assume possession of the specified material, remove it from the area, and properly dispose of it off site. Even when not specifically addressed, all waste materials shall be disposed of in this manner. All costs for this work shall be included in the applicable Contract work at no additional cost to the Administration.
Unless otherwise specified, when terms such as “repair”, “restore”, “replace”, and “remove and replace” are used in reference to unacceptable work, whatever the reason or cause for the work being rejected, it shall be implicitly understood that the Contractor shall perform the applicable work in conformance with the Contract Documents, in an acceptable manner, and at no additional cost to the Administration. Refer to GP-5.02, GP-5.09, and GP-7.16.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, all material, labor, equipment, tools, and incidentals necessary to perform and complete the work as specified and detailed in the Contract Documents, including all generally recognized and inherent aspects of the work, shall be included in either the lump sum or unit price for the Contract (Pay) item. When specific aspects of the work are listed in Measurement and Payment, it shall be construed to be an all-inclusive list.


Reference to Specifications or procedures beginning with the letters M, R, or T shall be understood to be AASHTO.
Reference to Specifications or procedures beginning with the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, ES or P shall be understood to be ASTM.
References to all Specifications and procedures shall be understood to be the most recently published standard at the time of advertisement unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents.
The words “using”, “per”, and “meet” or “meeting”, when referring to a specification or procedure, imply “in strict accordance with.”


Additional Work—Work not required or provided for in the original Contract.
Administration—The term shall be construed to be the Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration as established in conformance with the laws of Maryland.
Base Course—The one or more layers of specified material and thickness placed on a subbase or a subgrade to support a surface course.
Bridge—A structure including supports erected over a depression or an obstruction, such as water, highway, or railway, and having a track or passageway for carrying traffic or other moving loads, and having an opening measured along the center of the roadway of more than 20 ft between undercopings of abutments or spring lines of arches, or extreme ends of openings for multiple boxes; it may also include multiple pipes, where the clear distance between openings is less than half of the smaller contiguous opening. For lengths, all dimensions shall be parallel to the center line of the roadway. The dimensions of handrails will not be taken into account in measuring bridge lengths.
Any bridge or highway grade separation structure includes the connecting highways, substructure, superstructure, roadway approaches, entrance plazas, interchanges, overpasses, underpasses, and other structures which the Administration may deem necessary together with all property rights, easements, franchises, and interests acquired by the Administration for the construction and operation of the bridge.
Certification—A document which verifies that the material and work complies with the applicable specifications and includes the actual test results to confirm the statement. The contents of the certification shall be on the Contractor's/vendor's/manufacturer's letterhead or approved document and shall be duly signed by a company officer.
Certifications for metal products, when required, shall include a statement that the material was melted and manufactured in the United States except as provided in Section 165 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982, as amended by Section 1041(a) and 1048(a) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 with regard to the furnishing and coating of iron and steel products. A nationwide waiver for this provision has been granted for pig iron and processed, pelletized, and reduced iron ore.
Change Order—A written document amending the Contract by adding, deleting, or modifying the Contract to include price, time, work, and conditions not previously addressed within the Contract. Refer to GP-1.05.
Contract Time—The number of working days, calendar days, or a calendar date specified in the Contract Documents indicating the time period allowed for the completion of the Contract work.
Controlling Operation—An operation which at the particular time under consideration has a controlling effect on the progress of the project as a whole.
Culvert—Any structure not classified as a bridge which provides an opening under any roadway.
Domestic Manufacture—When referring to metallic items such as structural steel, pipe, reinforcement, bridge rails, etc., the term Domestic Manufacture means those metal products that have been melted and manufactured within the United States.
Drainage Ditch—In general, any open water course other than gutters, constructed as indicated in the Contract Documents.
Equipment—All machinery, tools, and apparatus necessary for the proper construction and acceptable completion of the work, together with the necessary supplies for upkeep and maintenance.
Federal Agencies—Reference to any Federal agency or officer shall be deemed made to any agency or officer succeeding in conformance with law to the powers, duties, jurisdictions, and authority of the agency or officer mentioned.
General Provisions (GP)—Contract provisions published as part of, or as a supplement to the Standard Specifications intended for general application and repetitive use.
Holidays—In the State of Maryland, holidays occur on:
January 1 New Year's Day
3rd Monday in January Martin Luther King's Birthday
3rd Monday in February  President's Day
4th Monday in May  Memorial Day
July 4  Independence Day
1st Monday in September  Labor Day
2nd Monday in October  Columbus Day
November 11 Veteran's Day
4th Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day
December 25 Christmas Day
All days of General and Congressional Elections (not primary elections) throughout the State.
If a legal holiday falls on a Sunday, the following Monday shall be deemed and treated as a holiday.
If a legal holiday falls on a Saturday, the Friday immediately preceding shall be deemed and treated as a holiday.
Laboratory—The testing laboratory of the Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration (or other Administrations) or any other testing laboratory designated by the procurement officer.
Median—The portion of a divided highway separating the traveled ways for traffic in opposite directions.
MdMUTCD––Maryland Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
Pavement Structure—The surface, base, or subbase course placed in layers on a subgrade to support and distribute the traffic load to the roadbed.
Plans—The official drawings issued by the Administration as part of the Contract Documents, including those incorporated in the Contract Documents by reference. These include the official approved plans, profiles, typical cross sections, working drawings, and supplemental drawings or exact reproductions that show the location, character, dimensions, and details of the work to be done.
Profile Grade—The trace of a vertical plane intersecting the top surface of the proposed wearing surface usually along the longitudinal center line of the roadway. Profile grade means either elevation or gradient of the vertical plane.
Ramp—A connecting roadway between two intersecting highways at a highway separation.
Right-of-Way—The area acquired and reserved by the Administration for use in constructing the proposed improvement and appurtenances.
Roadbed—The graded portion of a highway within the top and side slopes prepared as a foundation for the pavement structure and shoulders.
Road or Highway—Both the word road and the word highway include rights-of-way, surfaces, subgrades, shoulders, median dividers, drainage facilities and structures, roadway cuts, roadway fills, traffic barriers, bridges, highway grade elimination structures, tunnels, overpasses, underpasses, interchanges, entrance plazas, approaches, and other structures forming an integral part of a street, road, or highway; including bicycle and walking paths and related storm water management facilities and structures. Any other property acquired for the construction, operation, or use of the highway.
Roadside—A general term denoting the area adjoining the outer edge of the roadbed within the right-of-way. Extensive areas between the roadways of a divided highway may also be considered roadside.
Roadside Development—Work for the preservation of natural and landscaped areas and the rehabilitation and protection against erosion of all areas disturbed by construction through turf establishment and the placing of other ground covers, suitable planting, and other improvements to increase the effectiveness and enhance the appearance of the highway.
Seal Coat—An application of asphalt material followed by an application of cover coat aggregate.
Shoulder—The portion of the roadbed contiguous with the traveled way for accommodation of stopped vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support of base and surface courses.
Sidewalk—The portion of the roadway constructed for use by pedestrians.
Slopes—The inclined graded areas beyond the shoulder, extending from the shoulders to the natural, undisturbed surface of the ground.
Special Provisions (SP)—Specifications for a specific item or condition requirement peculiar to an individual project and not otherwise thoroughly or satisfactorily detailed in the Contract Documents.
Special Provisions Insert (SPI)—Additions and revisions to the Standard Specifications that have been officially approved.
Standard Specifications—The most current book of Specifications entitled "Standard Specifications for Construction and Materials" published by the Administration and intended for general application and repetitive use.
Standards—The official Standards for Highway and Incidental Structures, maintained on the Administration website. The latest incorporated revisions issued on or before the date of advertisement of the Contract.
State Highway System—That system of roads owned, operated, or maintained by the Administration.
State Road—Any public road included in the State highway system.
Structures—Bridges, culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, retaining walls, cribbing, manholes, end walls, buildings, sewers, service pipes, underdrains, foundation drains, steps, fences, and other features that may be encountered in the work and not otherwise classified.
Subbase—The layers of specified or selected material of designed thickness placed on a subgrade to support a base course or surface course.
Subgrade—The top surface of a roadbed upon which the pavement structure, shoulders, and curbs are constructed.
Substructure—All of that part of the structure below bottoms of bearings of simple and continuous spans, skewbacks of arches and tops of footings of rigid frames, together with the back walls and wing walls.
Superstructure—All of that part of the structure above bottoms of bearings of simple and continuous spans, skewbacks of arches and tops of footings of rigid frames, except as noted above for substructure.
Surface Course—One or more layers of a pavement designed to accommodate the traffic load.
Traveled Way—The portion of the roadway for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders.
Trench—An excavation made for the purpose of installing or removing pipes, drains, catch basins, etc., which is later refilled.
Working Day—A calendar day upon which, in the judgement of the Engineer, weather and soil conditions are such that the Contractor can advantageously work more than half of the Contractor's current normal force for more than five consecutive hours on a controlling operation. Working days will not be charged on Saturdays, Sundays, and State recognized holidays unless the Contractor actually works more than five hours on a controlling operation.
Working Drawings—Stress sheets, shop drawings, fabrication details, erection plans, plans for false work, forms, centering, cribs, cofferdams and masonry layouts, bending and placing drawings, bar schedules for reinforcement steel, and any other supplementary plans or similar data that the Contractor may be required to furnish.